Acropolis means 'high city' in Greek. The Athenian Acropolis is home to one of the most famous buildings in the world: the Parthenon. This temple was built for the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and military victory. She was Hercules' half-sister.
In 480 BC, the temples on top of the Acropolis were destroyed by the Persians but rebuilt in the next century.